The problems associated with the use of silent cinema became known thanks to Charlie Chaplin’s famous film “Modern Times”, which was and remains one of the best documentaries about the stressful and alienating effects that these methods have on assembly chain workers. Currently, however, automation and the use of robots to perform the most repetitive or dangerous operations have significantly reduced the negative aspects associated with mass production.
The expression “classic American cinema” (or “Golden Age of Hollywood”) means a period in the history of American cinema dating back to 1927 and the beginning of the 1960s. Starting from the era of sound, Hollywood is characterized by the hegemony of some large production companies, united to close the market for any competition.
Hollywood as a reservoir of images, relationships, melodies and faces that affect the collective imagination of generations and generations of spectators.
The cinema assembly line is an assembly process aimed at optimizing the work of workers and reducing the time required to assemble a complex product. An assembly line usually consists of a belt called a conveyor belt that flows, bringing with it various items that must be assembled to produce the finished product; in this way, each worker can assemble one part through repeated and mechanical movements, which can significantly save production time: since this method came into effect, the time required to produce one machine in factories was reduced by 12 hours per hour.
The production system has four key elements:
• It is characterized by a certain division of labor (the division of different tasks between different groups of workers), in which unskilled workers perform simple repetitive operations, while qualified and management specialists perform relative tasks. research, design, quality control, finance, coordination and marketing.
• This is a system in which production is strictly standardized.
• Production is not organized around identical machines, but the machines are arranged in the correct order necessary for the production of the product.
• The various parts of the assembly line are connected by a roller (assembly line) for quick and efficient tasks.
Produces images directly on the set of the film for its promotion, publishing photos. Images can be taken during filming when the actors are acting, or by staging the actors exclusively for the shots (photo “set”). Scenic photographs are also used to create posters and posters or to advertise a movie in connection with its release in movie theaters.
Editor / Editing. Performs the main post-production phase of the film. This is an operation by which the entire “shot” (images and sounds) is ordered and connected in accordance with a clear logical, narrative and rhythmic sequence.
Musical composer, author of the musical soundtrack – O.S.T. (Original soundtrack) Composes or arranges music for use in a film. In most cases, film music accompanies opening and closing headlines, as well as highlights certain points in the narrative. It is distinguished by original music (plays created specifically for the film) and non-original (previously existing tracks of the film). Soundtracks may also contain “intra-dietic music” that comes from a source of sound visible on the screen, such as a radio or musical instrument.
Production manager. Responsible for the administrative and production aspects of the film. Check if cost estimates and film production times are respected. He signs contracts with suppliers, he takes care of the actors and the crew. He works with a production inspector and a production secretary.
Production Inspector. This is the executive body of the production manager on the set. It examines the organizational and logistical aspects: shooting permits, vehicles, the convening of a troupe and actors. He is responsible for the production efficiency of the kit.
Production Secretary. He collaborates with the production inspector and organizes the film in practice: he invites actors to the set, manages the order on the set, and searches for the necessary stage material.
Manufacturer / Production. Estimated cost of film production in search of financing. He chooses the director, and sometimes the main actors. He then looks for a distributor who will deliver the film to the halls.
Distributor / Distribution. He takes care of the distribution and public presentation of the film. This is taken care of by the company that links the production company and the operator in order to ensure the film is shown in the cinema.
Film Exhibitor. He owns a movie theater. Usually it also decides programming, that is, films to be shown, and time of display.